Chinese name: 星期
Pinyin: xīng qī
English name: week
Characters: 星 consists of two parts. The upper part is a sun radical 日 (pinyin: rì, meaning: sun). The bottom part 生 was an image of a sprout on the ground. Originally in oracle bones it meant luminous objects that emerged in the sky. Now the character simply means star.
The second character 期 consists of a phonetic component 其 (pinyin: qí, meaning: that as a pronoun) to the left. It was an image of an upside down bamboo basket. And there is a moon radical 月 to the right. Now it simply means scheduled time or date.
A literal translation of 星期 in English is star date.